Ney, or Nay
orig. Turkey, Iran, Middle East, Cental Asia, North Africa Instruments called ney, nay or nai include end-blown and side-blown flutes.
The end-blown ney of Turkey and Iran is made from a bamboo stalk and played by resting the end of the instrument against the teeth at the side of the mouth and blowing across the top, so that the teeth and tongue shape the sound.
Side-blown neys are made from wood, brass, or copper and played by blowing over a hole in the side of the instrument.
The ney is often used in the religious music of Islamic Sufism, where it helps to induce a meditative state. Sufi musicians aim to create heavenly sounds through abstract rhythms and patterns of notes, in contrast to the shakuhachi tradition, which typically mimics sounds from nature. The rich, airy sound of the ney has also made it a favorite instrument for folk and classical music.